Posted on November 12, 2018
There are 113 different cannabinoids to date that have been discovered in the cannabis plant. The types of cannabinoids will determine the effects that you will feel. Some are psychoactive, and others are not. So depending on what you’re looking to accomplish, you may want to focus on certain cannabinoids.
As stated previously, cannabinoids are stored in the trichomes (crystals and hairs) of the cannabis plant. The cannabinoids found in the plant have been found to mimic the endocannabinoids that are naturally found in our body. When cannabinoids are introduced into the body, they go to certain receptors, creating a chemical effect, or “high,” throughout the body.
THCA - Precursor to THC. Converts during the decarb process. Non-psychoactive.
Medical Benefits: Anti-inflammatory, neuro-protective, helps with nausea, appetite, muscle spasms, pain relief, and insomnia. Inhibits prostate cancer growth. Raw cannabis plant can be juiced and ingested for a large amount of THCA You can figure out the total level of THC in products by multiplying the THCA levels by .866 and adding them to the listed THC levels.
THC– Psychoactive. Gives the “high” feeling.
Medical Benefits: Eases pain associated with many ailments, seizures related to epilepsy, inflammation, severe itching, movement disorders, muscle spasms, anorexia, glaucoma, nausea and vomiting, drug dependency and withdrawal, various types of discomfort and syndromes such as high blood pressure, hiccuping, restless leg syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, and psychiatric symptoms such as PTSD, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders. To calculate the "total possible amount" of THC in a particular product, you can use this formula (0.75 x 0.877 x %THCA) + %THC. The 75% accounts for the THC that degrades into CBN.
THCV- Minor cannabinoid found in some strains. Psychoactive and related to more psychedelic, clear-headed, and energetic highs.
Medical Benefits: Anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, appetite suppressant, anti-convulsive. Helps with the treatment of obesity, PTSD, type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease.
CBDa- Precursor to CBD. Converts during the decarb process. Non-psychoactive. Often obtained by juicing raw cannabis high in CBDa.
Medical Benefits: Helps with pain, inflammation, nausea, bacteria growth and cancer cell growth (specifically breast cancer).
CBD– Non-psychoactive. Can counteract the high of THC. Can be consumed in the same ways as cannabis: orally, topically, or by inhalation.
Medical Benefits: Helps with pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, diabetes, schizophrenia, seizures, and pediatric epilepsy. Has neuro-protective properties.
CBC– Non-psychoactive. Entourage effect between THC and CBC increases CBC medical benefits
Medical Benefits: Helps with depression, pain relief, acne, gastrointestinal issues, inflammatory disorders, migrains, and general inflammation. Has neuro-protective properties. Reduces breast cancer.
CBG– Non-psychoactive. Is found in cannabis in low rates (only 0.1-1% of cannabis plants containing containing 2-3% CBG have been found).
Medical Benefits: Helps with inflammation, glaucoma, Huntingdon’s disease, MRSA, bladder dysfunction disorder, and cancer.
CBN- Created when THC degrades. Is found in old, dried cannabis due to light exposure or heat. Non-Psychoactive. Has sedative effects.
Medical Benefits: Helps with pain relief, insomnia or trouble sleeping, healing bones, and low blood pressure. It promotes the growth of bone cells. It is antibacterial, anti-convulsive, and an appetite stimulant.
CBDV-Similar in structure to CBD. Not found in abundance. Has medicinal properties. Non-psychoactive. Does not produce a euphoric high.
Medical Benefits: Treats nausea, seizures, and epilepsy.
CBCV- Similar to CBD. Not found in abundance. Found to have promising medical benefits. Non-psychoactive. Thought to have an entourage effect to help other cannabinoids work
Medical Benefits: Treats seizures and epilepsy
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